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  • As recently as 1950, China's population was close to 563 million. The population grew dramatically through the following decades to one billion in the early 1980s.

  • In the 1970s the government launched the "one child policy",
    • Its most intensive and so far its most successful family planning programme.
    • The total fertility rate declined from 6.4 in 1968 to 2.2 in 1980
    • Level of contraceptive use in China was raised to the levels currently experienced in the Developed World.

  • China's total fertility rate is 1.7
    • On average, each woman gives birth to 1.7 children throughout her life.
    • The necessary total fertility rate for a stable population is 2.1; nonetheless, China's population is expected to grow over the next few decades.
      • Because of immigration and a decrease in infant mortality and a decrease in death rate as national health improves.

  • By the late 2010s, China's population is expected to reach 1.4 billion. Around 2030, China's population is anticipated to peak and then slowly start dropping.