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Population and Resources
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2. Population Pyramid
Egypt's Population Pyramids (1990 - 2050)
Egypt Population Pyramid for 1990:
(Age and sex distribution for the year 1990)
The top of the pyramid is rather narrow thus showing the low Life expectancy that was occurring at the time in Egypt about a decade ago. It is a perfect example of a country with a young and growing population. The dependency ratio is definitely high since the amount of people above 15 and under 65, the working population, is much smaller than the upper and lower parts of the pyramid, especially the younger population. CBR seems to be high, although the number of males is slightly higher than the females, although as they grow up, they seem to balance out. IMR is high but nevertheless so are the MMR in the older generation.
Egypt Population Pyramid for 1995:
Age and sex distribution for the year 1995:
Although the top of the pyramid remains narrow but also shows a curve, thus explaining and proving the low and exponentially decreasing life expectancy especially in older ages. The new generation seems to have a higher CBR, more men than women which is expected due Egypt's ancient Arab culture of favoring men over women, since they carry the last name of the family as well as the legacy. The pyramid is at stage 1.
Egypt Population Pyramid for 2000
Age and sex distribution for the year 2000:
The pyramid for the population of Egypt in 2000 is in Stage 2, it is expansive. Although there is a high birth rate, the fall in death rates decreases as more people are living in middle age. There is a slightly longer life expectancy but in the meantime, CBR is increasing, especially for males. Up until the age of about 19, these ones will grow and enter the reproductive and economically active period. Women live longer as they approach more elderly years of their life.
Egypt Population Pyramid for 2005
Age and sex distribution for the year 2005:
This pyramid is between stages 2 and 3, between expansive and stationary. The birth rate although still high, is declining as seen in the alignment of the purple and blue bars in the pyramid above. There is also a lower CDR in general for both the elderly but also IMR and women. It is shown that there are approximately equal numbers of men and women. There is a high life expectancy since the number of elderly deaths are decreasing.
Egypt Population Pyramid for 2010
Age and sex distribution for the year 2010:
This pyramid is approaching stage 3. There is a constant and declining CBR, shown in the last 3 cohorts being well aligned but also the pink and red being shorter than the blue, proving that new generations being born are less than the ones that preceded them. There is definitely a higher life expectancy throughout all of the citizens, seen in the longer cohorts on both the men and the women's sides of the graph. There are more people living to an older.
Egypt Population Pyramid for 2020
Predicted age and sex distribution for the year 2020:
This pyramid is slowly approaching stage 4 but is mainly still in the third stage. The CBR is decreasing and stabilizing as seen in the lower rectangular part of the pyramid. There is an almost equal number in the lower age groups. There is a higher life expectancy leading to lower death rates, more people are capable of living at an older age. The growth rate starts to stabilize. We notice a huge increase in the life expectancy of women compared to men in the highest/oldest cohort.
Egypt Population Pyramid for 2050
Predicted age and sex distribution for the year 2050:
The prediction the hardest to relate to, the one farthest from now, shows firstly, that life expectancy is ideal, there is minimal death rates, shown in the huge rectangular looking shape that occupies over 3/4 of the pyramid. Although the birth rates are not necessarily decreasing much, it is noticeable that there is a higher dependency ratio because of the higher working population, citizens between 15 and 65. It is noticed also that in the upper most cohort, women live as long as they would if they were a decade younger. The pyramid is approaching stage 4 as it begins to become more concave and curved around the bottom edges. The top is not looking pointy or even anywhere near that because of the longer-living elderly population.
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